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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  February 11, 2019 12:00pm-12:30pm CET

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the big. place . this is d w news live from berlin the islamic republic of iran turns forty thousands of people are marking that anniversary in the streets but how much is there to celebrate or decades after the most came to power when asked what in fact the west sanctions are happening. also coming up fewer than a third of researchers and science related fields worldwide are female enter national day of women in science we ask our gender stereotypes still get in the way . and as for lens international film festival enters its second week we take
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a look at an espionage thriller starring today and true for some scenes were shot to secret a wrong but the film's israeli director insists his film is not just political correspondent as the right. place. i'm calling aspen welcome to the program. iran is marking the fortieth anniversary of the islamic revolution tens of thousands of people have gathered in the capital tehran for a rally led by president as he told the crowd that iran is determined to expand its military power and ballistic missile program and he won't ask anyone for permission to do so. but iranians are facing many challenges partly due to sanctions imposed by the united states we'll hear more from our correspondents in a moment but first here's a look at how events unfolded when the shah was overthrown forty years ago. it was
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the winter of nine hundred seventy seven u.s. president jimmy carter visiting the shah of iran cold the country and island of stability in the middle east. within a year however the shah would be deposed in a revolution. small protest had already broken out by the end of nine hundred seventy seven protests against the shah's modernization program and he's increasingly authoritarian rule. but in september nine hundred seventy eight those protests became mass demonstrations worker strikes and riots. many iranians who joined the uprising were fighting back against what they saw as an attempt to westernize and secure a rise the country. others were calling for socialism and some were simply angered over the abuses of the shah's secret police. amid the my him one
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opposition figure emerged as a leader from his exile in front's the hard line shiite cleric ayatollah khomeini. with public disapproval at a fever pitch the shah left iran for egypt. then on february first nine hundred seventy nine returned to iran welcome to by a crowd of millions. it was a turning point in the country's history just two months later following a referendum khomeini had proclaimed the islamic republic of iran the in just one year the country had transformed from a constitutional monarchy to a theocracy. but that was not the end of the instability and turmoil later that he a student revolutionaries took fifty two americans hostage inside the u.s. embassy in tehran. the ensuring crisis ended diplomatic ties between the two
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countries sitting stage for a broader conflict in the middle east in which iran continues to play a dominant role. forty years after the islamic revolution ayatollah khamenei remains a hero for many iranians. because the revolution's legacy has been repression censorship and stagnation. our correspondents theresa trouble is in tehran and she joined those crowds in the streets to gauge how people are marking this fortieth anniversary in the iranian capital. strength by the government secretary rice i was running not her years i was going to say that i was told still a little over the last. several. months saying from the audio codec you want me that you know that side of the main demonstrations back in
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nineteen seventy many of them are supporters of the revolution showing that race i don't believe any. one supreme leader. how many images they're carrying you know they also so to not come out and state to america not us however i'm just enjoying the fact that they can form their own city and conduct. a level with the country in the biggest economic growth years on that and i suspect that none of the recent. want to make a. better economic conditions where everybody. through it's a trouble they're reporting us back forces in syria say they're close to taking control of the last stronghold of the so-called islamic state the kurdish led offensive is focused on the village of bug juice that's near the border with iraq and it's the last small region held by the jihad ists i guess once held territory
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extending over much of northern syria and iraq thousands of civilians have left the area in recent weeks. the end of the line these people are mainly the families of islamic state fighters they've escaped but the men are still holding out in buckles the group's last stronghold to john this woman says she had nothing to feed her children but grass but she stuck with i guess till the end. these men denied being joe harvests many of those left are foreign fighters from europe and elsewhere who have difficulty blending in with the local population. this is because the final front line it's for could be the last nail in the coffin of the stream of the caliphate spanning the middle east. that dream was a nightmare for the people who had to live under i-s. rule in a territory that stretched across syria and iraq the militants now control less
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than one percent of that. i.s.i. and posts an extremely harsh version of sharia islamic religious law killing men and boys and slaving women in recent days fighting has become fierce again let by the syrian defense forces an alliance of kurds and arabs have done the lion's share of combat on the ground they say they've almost succeeded. there are no more militants left. to put their masterminds are still hiding. the time will come for them we will finish them off. but as of today the war with these gangs is over the truth is good to finish them off we invented our martyrs deaths there is nothing left of the western. half a decade of brutal fighting has seen entire cities reduced to rubble and i asked
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still has the ability to wage guerrilla style warfare and launch terror attacks but within days the group could have no more territory to call its own. now a look at some of the other stories making news around the world the next wave was military carried out exercises on sunday as a battle president last month warned that the country is ready to defend itself against the united states is being challenged by u.s. backed off additionally. who declared himself interim president and is demanding a new election is over and as well as a battle president gloss under oh well we just said that let's you moving to the next story where protesters in haiti are clashing with police. thousands of them were clashing with police for the fourth straight day of demonstrations against corruption in a flash the economy protestors led tires march through the streets of the capital port au prince raising pressure on president job's no police. authorities in
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indonesia have launched an investigation after footage emerged online of a suspect being interrogated with a snake officers are heard threatening to put the serpent in the alleged pickpockets mouth and trousers the police have since apologized and said the snake was not poisonous. u.s. secretary of state mike pompei o isn't barking on a five day tour to increase u.s. engagement in central europe as chinese and russian influence grows in the region first stop is in hungary then head to slovakia and poland in budapest is expected to touch on topics including hungary's energy ties with russia and the expansion of chinese telecom giant wall way in the country passed last hosted the us secretary of state in twenty eleven. let's head now to budapest where our correspondent stefan boss is standing by for us stefan just give us a sense of what's mike palm pales agenda will be on this visit to budapest. which
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well he will have to very agenda in the coming hours he will meet for instance human rights activists and that he sold so because there was international concern over a new situation here in hungary we speak on gary and prime minister viktor orban being accused both cracking down old media independent media especially and of course to your dish reach now he will also cool compiled piece nice issues of course was to government itself but it is saying time he wants to ensure it gets there he says not too much of a russian influence here in hungary at the united states he said very concerned about that and this will be definite the one of the topics as well as chinese influence here i think to a bonn and president trump are often compared for being the strong leader populist leaders but how similar are the two countries agendas. well if you talk about migration day are very similar and of course
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a deficit one of the recent so why the hungary and prime minister was one of the first european leaders actually to supports a de actually to candidacy all the truth at a time who was then of course a presidential candidate but at the same time dairy school and certain in the united states over policies by prime minister or of on including for instance regarding the central p. in the european university to central european university because that's a was founded by us billionaire george soros not old though he has different political views than the president truman the u.s. is concerned that that university feels forced to move most of its courses to neighboring because of the pressure here and it is still really a concern of the united states and also somebody issues and i think will be brought up as well during his questions with stuff hungary and government today. now after hungary a pump a will move on to slovakia and poland some referring to this two are basically
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touching on the use trouble spots so what's the broader agenda here for this trip. well indeed these are indeed to trouble spots off the european union because. poland for instance which will be an important for michael peo has just as hungary also faced disciplinary actions by the european commission all for its it received l'ecole for rule of law as well as a crackdown on media outlets in both countries a case that will be death of the new fortune to this topic for him and also poland to force is important because there will be the middle east a conference that will be held to there and it's actually not as much a piece of it as expected because the european union is quite upset with the united states all for its actions to watch iran as we all know force and the u.s. doesn't recognize anymore the agreement to be iran regarding its nuclear program
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not at the same time that it might but they all will also call for a goal first to slovakia and of course that will be an important issue as well as the lockout also bought off to the group poland hungary and the czech republic in the war game stefan boss in budapest for us thank you very much you're welcome britain's economy has slowed down growing just two tenths of a percent at the end of last year and that fall short of bank of england estimates lower g.d.p. growth along with other recent data show that britain's economy is in a weak position as a get sent to leave the european union at the end of next month with lawmakers in london still deadlocked on terms for that withdrawal economists in the e.u. are speculating on the cost to their countries if britain crashes out of the e.u. without a new trade agreement. with the new deal breaks it still on the horizon nervousness
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is the order of the day across the e.u. and the latest survey out by one of germany's leading research institutes provides little comfort it says germany could face as many as one hundred thousand job losses in the wake of a disorderly breaks it germany relies heavily on exports for growth and no deal breaks it would likely mean new custom duties on exports to britain causing a slump in german exports the survey says coal makers could be hardest hit with v.w. top of the list germany's. disorderly breaks it would affect other countries too within the e.u. germany is followed by france where fifty thousand jobs could be at risk china meanwhile could lose around fifty nine thousand jobs and the total worldwide could be more than six hundred thousand. meanwhile signs of the potential damage to britain's economy are also becoming clear a new survey by the number one school of economics shows that since the two
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thousand and sixteen referendum british companies have shifted investment from britain to the e.u. stepping it up by as much as twelve percent around ten billion euros most come from the services sector the british economy is heavily reliant on meanwhile the e.u. is investment in britain a farm less attractive place to invest in. now want to efforts to tackle opioid abuse in the united states have to do with farmers in tasmania turns out quite a lot of the country produces half of the raw substance used in pain killers worldwide but now efforts to reduce opioid prescriptions in the us have left poppy farmers far field struggling to make ends meet. poppies as far as the eye can see here in cressy in northern tasmania farmers are harvesting their progeny. once upon a time these crops were in high demand not anymore now instead
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of being the jays as crop i guess it's just another one of many to help with. crops just six years ago there are about thirty thousand hectares of poppy fields in tasmania now there are just and levon thousand hectors left. and devastating images like these are among the reasons why. every year tens of thousands of people die from an opioid relations drug overdose in the united states many of them developed addictions after being prescribed painkillers by their doctors. this has prompted the government to take action to reduce the number of prescriptions being handed out and those efforts have been having an effect in one thousand nine hundred two doctors in the us issued a total of one hundred twelve million opioid prescriptions two decades later the number peaked at two hundred eighty two million since then attempts to get the
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figures down have been successful in twenty seventeen there were one hundred ninety one million prescriptions recorded. but one country solution to a serious problem has forced farmers in another part of the world to adjust to this new normal. market the market. tasmania produces half of the roll material used in pain killers worldwide but if demand continues to drop the country's poppy industry will be left with a headache for which there is no obvious relief. well women are still lagging behind in science related careers making up less than a third of science and tech researchers worldwide you know sco says participation in the fields of information and communications technology natural science math and statistics is the specially low the agency believes longstanding biases stop girls and women from choosing jobs in science in the first place today is the un's
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international day of women and girls in science it started four years ago to break stereotypes and help provide equal access to something. on asako from our science department she's here now with more on this now on a i can hear a lot of people out there saying look at it's twenty nineteen what's the deal why do we still need this international day of women and girls in science what's holding women back well there are many reasons were mentioned already discrimination by this but they also social norms and expectations and that reason could be because there's a lack of female role models so the history in science has been written as a history of man we don't know many females found just maybe mary corinne want to know both my sis for research in radioactivity of course but other than dat actually it's quite sad because they have seen a lot of female scientists out there even thousands of years ago. the first woman whose name appears in the history of science is present yet she
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practiced medicine and trained more than one hundred midwives over four thousand years ago. bella to kalim a babylonian is regarded as the first female chemist she produced per fume and developed a chemical process is still in use today such as distillation she lived a little over three thousand years ago. about fourteen hundred years later patsy of alexandria was the first woman to lecture in astro me on mathematics but this was an outrage to some clerics and she was later murdered. history books bear the story of her killing but not scientific achievements many women pursued the sciences and the centuries that followed in seven hundred eighty six the german astronomer colleen hassel was the first woman to discover a comet and was considered the first female in her profession but an untold number
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of female scientists were hardly acknowledged until late in the nineteenth century . are looking back in the history books i mean big contributions there from from women scientists what's the situation like now today well we just celebrated done a strickland for winning the nobel prize in physics for her research with the laser pulses but it's actually do you see being because you nest the data shows that women get to decide to pursue stem korea actually drop out in disproportionate numbers so the reasons for dadt are really deep rooted and structural delenn says even published a study last week showing that even the research funding is biased in how it gets the research on so funding is obviously really important for studying so if women are at a disadvantage there they won't pursue careers in science what are some successful
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strategies and how can we encourage more girls to start considering a career in science from the very beginning well approach has to be multifaceted of course we need. structural changes the koreas have to be more flexible woman shouldn't decide between having a family or pursuing a career and then also it's a little bit on all of us so we should reflect on our own biases who do really think of when we think of scientists is that a man or woman what do history books tell our children you know i just still telling detail off what's in a crick for example discovered d.n.a. or is it rosalynn is the mention of frozen in franklin who actually wrote the first notes about it so we should go to the extra mile make them and more visible and days like these are really perfect for that right w.'s on asako today on the international day of women and girls in science thank you very much the berlin international film festivals in full swing and the movie premieres just keep on
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coming there to give you a front row seat as we preview the latest releases and our correspondent on the s. it was at the festival to watch the operative of the film by israeli filmmaker you've all of the. a spy like an actor must be able to deceive. co-stars d.n. kruger and martin freeman say this help them connect with their characters in the espionage thriller the operative written and directed by israeli filmmaker you've all. krueger plays rachel a woman without roots who was recruited by the israeli intelligence agency mossad for a mission in iran. rachel proves to be a valuable asset entrusted with stealing information about iran's nuclear program. but rachel refuses to abandon her humanity creating a weakness in the israeli plot. the operative takes us into the conflict in the
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middle east mossad is portrayed as a heartless institution that is willing to sacrifice any number of human lives to achieve its goals and iran where some of the scenes in this film were secretly shot is shown as a country where everyone is forced to keep secrets it is really director adler is adamant that he has not made a political film i wouldn't make a film about iran i wouldn't know how i made a film where iran is a backdrop for some of the stuff in which i can be as precise about it as possible but i'm not in a position to you know to say something informative about you know the mood in iran or whatever i wouldn't presume to cast member cass anbar a canadian actor with iranian roots plays farhadi a businessman caught up in rachel's mission and far echoed his director's objection to framing the film as political. as much as it is set. on a backdrop that is politicize the this story is really human story it's about what
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happens to people in this world and the operative is not in competition at the bare knowledge but it could still easily win over those who like a solid spy thriller. a tie court has. drops the extradition case against a rainy footballer a team all in a global campaign for his release a lobby fled bahrain and twenty fourteen before being granted refugee status in australia he's been sentenced in absentia to ten years in jail for alleged vandalism and although he denies the charges he was arrested while on holiday in bangkok but type this was announced on monday that the rain has now withdrawn that extradition request following talks with the thai government. to business leaders soccer now and verda bremen are in celebration mode this week marking the one hundred twentieth anniversary of the club they continue the party in their match against outs burge recording their biggest fondest legal win of the season. the
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good fire service back in bremen and visiting alex berg were given no rest but straight from the whistle. put the hosts ahead after just eight minutes with this piece of individual brilliance. hausberg struggled to deal with grim ins ruthless intensity you had a second time smashed home the second perfect hit to leave keeper grego could pull stranded. just a minutes later braman strained forward again. fox three stocks red and cold home. a stunning strike and braman were three no luck heading into half time. after the break braman took their foot off the gas but still remained dominant substitute kevin moved out rounding off the four nil victory in the eighty third minute. happy
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days for vertebrae men as they celebrated their anniversary wake in style the book of our let's take a look now at how this weekend's results have shuffled the bonus league standings dorman's lead has been cut to just five points that's because by munich they were the only side in the top five to get a win laver cousins victory on friday means that they slide into those all important european spots on the other end dusseldorf or up to twelfth that's actually their best position the season and one over climbed off the bottom by beating fellow strugglers new or better. and a more reminder of the top story that we're following for you right now today marks the fortieth anniversary of the revolution of the frog regime change in iran a day of celebration is underway in tehran even as ordinary iranians are feeling the effects of the latest round of u.s. sanctions we'll be covering that anniversaries for you. coming up next
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global three thousand that's our globalization program and we have more news at the top of the hour in the meantime you can get all the latest news and information around the clock on a web site that's w dot com thanks want. the
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for. that because of this cut i can't go to school. around two million turkish children to work to help support the firm. what kentucky do. next. in the enough of this embarrassment mensuration is still a taboo subject in india and feminine hygiene products are hard to find one for
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wants to change by manufacturer sen. and selling the door to door. explained to them that she's. sixteen. hey listen up. that's what video game music sounded like thirty years ago. today's tracks take the experience to another level punk a sense to him talk compose a good points are. featured in many games his music is bound to homes for his fans he opens doors to. sounds good. oh genre that's so much more than just background music video game music
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starts february twenty fifth on d w. welcome to global three thousand here's what's coming up. what kind of weed would you like a fairly normal question in your applying for the sale and recreational consumption of marijuana is legal. have you eaten too.

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